Project: RIVER LASHES (CÍLIOS do RIO)
This project called "Eyelashes River" is part of the actions of Pro-Terra Institute for Conservation and Biodiversity Recovery and Water and the social inclusion of unemployed workers in the sugar-alcohol sector in the State of São Paulo in the Midwest. He proposes the recovery of 3 ha of riparian forests (PPAs) in rural properties located in Ecological Restoration priority areas for the project BIOTA / FAPESPNO MUNICIPALITY OF Jaú / SP and recharge areas of the Guarani Aquifer, Public Water Supply of Water Sources. The project covers 10 springs distributed in three farms. These areas were prioritized and selected this project in accordance with the registration made by the Pro-Earth Institute and as their environmental relevance for ecological connectivity and water security. This project will continue with a series of actions that the Pro-Earth Institute conducts in the region such as the Project Financed by the BNDES Atlantic Forest notice that recovered 117's riparian forests.
This proposal has the support of the "Planters Forest" Own Pro-Earth Institute has developed a methodology / social and environmental inclusion technology by hiring unemployed workers the sugar-alcohol sector that is experiencing economic difficulties and changing its productive matrix by mechanized harvesting of sugarcane, disservicing about 15 thousand workers in western São Paulo center over the past 5 years (Rural Union of Jau, 2015). It is noteworthy that this project is expected to generate employment and income for 5 people through the CLT regime, ensuring all the rights of rural workers, including all work safety adjustments in accordance with Regulatory Standards (NR) No 07.09 and 31.
The environmental technology forest Planters project will be recruiting and qualifying beneficiaries apprentices project through a professional training course in ecological restoration, and addressed all issues related to this office, as ecological restoration techniques, maintenance and technical operation equipment, safety, social and environmental inclusion, etc.
In this project, all inputs and indirect labor will be sourced locally with the main objective of promoting the local economy, thus contributing to strengthening and balance of the communities that are based on the project's area of influence.
The Pro-Earth Institute will also be offering in return, its transport logistics structure with 3 vehicles that are suitable as NR mentioned above and all collaboration with the regional public power and civil society linked to ecological restoration theme that will ensure through its supports the success and effectiveness of the project.
The Pro-Earth Institute has been working on ecological restoration projects since 1995. This project will continue with a series of actions carried out in the State of São Paulo such as 1) Matas Recovery Project Riparian the State of São Paulo (Project Department of the Environment of the State of São Paulo - SMA / SP) that recovered 80 is in public supply source in Jau / SP; 2) Initiative BNDES Atlantic Forest, notice 2009 recovered 117 is in APA Ibitinga Conservation Unit and public supply sources; 3) Preparation of the Director of Forest Restoration Plan for Units of Water Resources Management - UGRHI Tietê-Jacare; 4) implementation of Executive Consulting and forest maintenance projects 100ha in the Green Initiative in Jau / SP and Ibitinga / SP; 5) implementation of Executive Consulting and forest maintenance 20 is in projects of WWF Brazil Brazil's water program in São Paulo / SP sheets; 6) Business Consulting monitoring of 450ha Ecological Restoration projects TNC Brazil in Pirai do Sul / RJ and Rio Claro / RJ; 7) Business Consulting 20 Ecological Restoration monitoring projects of Department of the São Paulo State Environment in all regions of the State of São Paulo; 8) Preparation of 10 technical / scientific articles on ecological restoration area available www.institutoproterra.org.br; 9) Execution of project mobilization and Forest Restoration through training courses and development of public policies in conjunction with the Watershed Committee of Water Resources Management Units - UGRHI Tietê-Jacare.
In the history of ecological restoration actions of the Pro-Earth Institute, it should be noted the development of 4 free distribution of books in digital and printed form. (The Jau Forests Guide Identification phytophysiognomies Forest Hydrographic Tiete-Gator Bowl, Ecological Restoration Species Guide for Hydrographic Tietê-Jacaré basin and guide development of ecological restoration projects for Hydrographic Tiete-Gator Bowl. All books they are available in www.institutoproterra.org.br.
HUMAN RESOURCES OF THE INSTITUTION
Currently, the Pro-Earth Institute has a team of 1 Master Forester, 1 Biologist Doctor and 1 biologist, 1 Agronomist, 1 geographer, one lawyer and one Technologist in Environment and Water Resources, 1 consultant in Occupational Safety, an accounting firm that provides consulting and university interns, and a team of 15 field workers who dedicate themselves to the actions of ecological restoration projects.
The Pro-Earth Institute is located in Jaú / SP in a rented building headquarters. This office focuses technical and administrative actions with computers, various office equipment, telephone, warehouse with field materials for ecological restoration (trimmers, tillers, hoes, machetes, etc.).
It also has three vehicles:
- Fiat Ducatto 2013 for the transport of forest and technical Planters in ecological restoration projects;
- Fiat Road 2013 to transport technicians in court and administrative proceedings;
- Wolkswagen Kombi, 1999 to support the realization of ecological restoration activities.
FINANCIAL INSTITUTION SUSTAINABILITY
The Pro-Earth Institute is a nonprofit organization and its strategy for institutional sustainability is planned in the form of your organization. In 2005, the Pro-Terra made a major strategic planning for 20 years tracing guidelines and forms of sustainability and every 3 years an update of this plan is done. The Institute was organized in two work programs (Biodiversity Conservation and Environmental Landscape Programme) .The Biodiversity Conservation program is focused on ecological restoration projects, public policies within the theme and flora and fauna studies. The Environmental Landscape Programme is focused on environmental education projects, public policies within the theme, preparation of teaching materials and professional qualification for environmental services.
Both programs have partnerships in their projects with universities, research institutions, collegial management of water resources and municipal governments, which seek resources for the execution of environmental projects and improve the quality of life.
Projects that have been funded are mostly public edicts such as the State Fund for Water Resources -FEHIDRO, Brazilian Biodiversity Fund - FUNBIO, BNDES, Bank of Brazil Foundation, diffuse Interests Fund of the State of São Paulo -FID, among others. They are also invested resources of private enterprise in ecological restoration and environmental education consultancies such as partnerships with the Green Initiative, WWF Brazil, TNC Brazil and Environmental Institute Vidágua.
Thus, the Pro-Earth Institute has had institutional security achieving significant results for Brazilian society.
In 2016 the Pro-Earth Institute is completing 24 years of operation and to date have been carried out 50 projects have enabled WHAT gain experience and consolidate the role of environmental projects in Brazil.
FORECAST TEAM FOR DESIGN
Professionals Working Directly In The Projects
Training / Specialty / Position in the project
Number of hours per week on the project
Amilcar Marcel de Souza
Master Forester: Position in the project: General Coordinator
Guilherme Marson Moya
Biologist: Project Title: Technical Assistant
geographer: Position in the project: Field
Tecgª in Environment and Water Resources: Environmental Educator
- Eng Forest Master Amilcar Marcel de Souza: Graduated from the University of São Paulo campus of the Luiz de Queiroz College of Agriculture - ESALQ / USP graduated master the same university in the Graduate program in Forest Resources, Department of Forest Sciences . He served as assistant Ecology and Forest Restoration LERF-laboratory in undergraduate course Systematic Botany with Prof. Dr. Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues; coordinated Ecological Restoration projects Research and Extension Center in USP Environmental projects under the coordination of Prof. Dr. Paulo Kageyama; professor of the Faculty of Forestry of Egret / SP 2007-2009 teaching discipline Management and Forest Recovery; coordinated the preparation of the Master Plan for Forest Restoration Hydrographic Tietê-Jacaré basin in western São Paulo center. He is currently coordinator and technical manager of the Ecological Restoration projects of the Pro-Earth Institute and coordinator of the Technical Chamber of
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Natural Resources of the Water Resource Management Unit / UGRHI 13 - Tietê-Jacare.
- Geographer Fabiano Antonelli: Graduate Degree in Geography in the Integrated Colleges of Jau; Studying Postgraduate "of Integrated Quality Management Systems, Environment, Safety and Health at Work and Social Responsibility" Senac São Paulo. He worked in the Secretariat of Environment of Jau (SOW) for 10 years; He worked on restoration projects of degraded areas (RAD) using the total planting techniques, nucleation, SAF, enrichment and consolidation in Forest Restoration Project by Jau-SP Pro-Earth Institute at Basin Tietê-Jacare (UGRHI) 13, attended " 2nd Congress of Biodiversity Use "and" National Pre-Conference on the Environment. "
- William Marson Moya: Degree in biological sciences from Anhanguera Bauru, currently attending graduate in environmental management in UFSCAR (Federal University of São Carlos); It operates in recovery projects of degraded areas (RAD) using the total planting techniques, nucleation, SAF, enrichment and consolidation; Held consulting and survey of herpetological and mammal fauna with active search techniques, hearing meeting, pitfall trap, trap camera, tomahawk, sherman and footprints parcels in biome Atlantic Forest, Cerrado, Pantanal and Caatinga. He helped work surveys and banding avifaunisticos biomes Atlantic Forest, Pantanal and Cerrado using methodologies active search, RAPELD, listening points and mist nets. Currently works as a biologist at the Institute Earth Pro, working in Biodiversity Conservation Program as a field technician in restoration projects of degraded areas, monitoring of areas in restoration and wildlife surveys.
- Tabitha Teixeira: Graduated as Technologist in Environment and Water Resources at the Faculty of Jahu Technology (FATEC) - Centro Paula Souza, Specialist in Environmental Education for Sustainability at Senac Sao Paulo. In 2015 he volunteered in EE Álvaro Fraga Moreira de Jau / SP More Education Program, conducting educational activities environment. Interned at Department of the Jau Environment (SEEDS), which held arboreal surveys of city squares, assisted in the preparation of tracks and worked in the area of environmental education, promoting awareness and public awareness events promoted by the Secretariat, interventions in companies private and drafting educomunicativos materials. Currently works in the Pro-Earth Institute since 2012 as technical in environmental projects of the "Social and Environmental Landscapes" as the course "Planting Forests" and the Green Room (Ministry of Environment); also collaborated with the preparation and development of educomunicativos materials and coordinates the project "GREEN ASJA" since 2015 in partnership with the Association of the Deaf of Jau and Region.
INFORMATION ON THE RESTORATION PROJECT
In this work, the assumed ecological restoration definition is that presented by the Society for Ecological Restoration International (SER International, BE 2002; www.ser.org) and adopted by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN): Ecological restoration is the process to assist the recovery of an ecosystem that has been degraded, damaged or destroyed.
One of the attributes of restored ecosystems proposed by the Ecological Restoration Society (SER) is the presence of "a characteristic set of species that occur in the reference ecosystem and provides the appropriate structure of the community" (BE 2004). The success of the proposed restoration of riparian forests is based on the restoration of ecological processes responsible for the gradual reconstruction of the forest and this restoration depends on the presence of high diversity of regional species, involving not only the trees but also other forms of plant life, the different fauna groups and their interactions with the flora. This diversity can be deployed directly in restoration activities and / or guaranteed over time, by the restoration of forest dynamics.
For the definition of Permanent Preservation Areas (APP) of this project, appealed to the federal and state environmental laws and regulations currently in force. Here are the devices used:
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- Federal Law No. 12,651, of May 25, 2012, provides for the protection of native vegetation.
- Federal Law No. 12727 of 17 October 2012 amending Law No. 12,651, of May 25, 2012, 6938, to August 31, 1981, 9,393, of December 19, 1996, and 11,428 of 22 December 2006; and repealing Law No. 4,771, of September 15, 1965, and 7754, of April 14, 1989.
- CONAMA Resolution No. 429 of 28 February 2011 provides for the recovery methodology of Permanent Preservation Areas - APPs.
- Resolution SMA / SP 032 of March 2014, sets the direction for heterogeneous reforestation of degraded areas and gives related measures.
According to the technical, theoretical and legal assumptions, this project aims to recover degraded areas in Permanent Preservation Areas in Water Resources Management Units Tietê-Jacare, Piracicaba-Capivari-Jundiaí and Tietê-Battle in the center of the State of São Paulo are located in these private reserves, farms and areas of public supply sources.
The objectives of this project are:
- Promote the recovery of riparian vegetation in watersheds of public supply in the municipality of Jaú / SP;
- Promoting connectivity in the landscape through the recovery of riparian vegetation;
- Recover the regional biodiversity of the Atlantic Forest;
- Reintroducing endangered species of regional flora of the state of São Paulo;
- Generate jobs and income in the environmental services of forest recovery;
The areas selected by the Pro-Earth Institute were based on the following principles:
- Public supply source areas;
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- Ecological landscape connectivity;
- Areas located in priority areas according to the Paulista Biodiversity Guide for Emergency Forest Restoration and connections according to Amparo Research Fund in the State of São Paulo - FAPESP 2008;
- Vicinity the Private Natural Heritage Reserve - RPPNs Amadeu Botelho, Two Waterfalls and Estacia Jatoba and forest patches of deciduous forest and semi-deciduous forest and Paludosa;
- Contiguous areas to previous recoveries in projects of the Pro-Earth Institute and partners, increasing the connectivity of areas.
Work on restoration of degraded areas developed by the Pro-Earth Institute follow the provisions of the current environmental legislation contained in Resolutions CONAMA Resolution No. 429 of 28 February 2011 and SMA / SP No. 32/14, for heterogeneous plantations with species native in the Atlantic Forest biome.
The techniques to be used as shown in the Environmental Status of areas (see detail in the maps attached) to be reforested, will be the TOTAL PLANTING, density and ENRICHMENT AND AGROFORESTRY SYSTEM. These techniques will be used as each potential for ecological resilience diagnosed. In this system, the forest species are introduced into the spacing 3 x 2 meters (total planting) and 6 m² per plant, which totals 1667 seedlings per hectare thickened and enriched, as the density of species in each area.
Maintaining areas acorrerá 4 times a year during the 4 year project. Below is presented the general guidelines of the reforestation methodology adopted by the Pro-Earth Institute and ANNEX 06 this presented the details of executive projects for each sites to be reforested.
Table 01: Summary of recovery actions of degraded areas.
Tiete / Jacaré
Forest Ecosystem Semideciduous
Area to be recovered
No. seedlings to be planted
N ° seedlings provided for replanting (10% mortality)
No. species to be used
200 grams / NPK 4-14-8 pit
100 grams / limestone cave
16 maintenance on each property, distributed every 3 months for 48 months
Planting level, terraces, retaining basins, tillage and soil cover
- Implementation Methodology, Project Management and Documentation
1. Construction of the fence: will be leased in the currencies of the project when necessary where its lower limit is the maximum operating height and the upper limit is the dispossession quota, should the turnbuckles stay within the limits of it.
2. Preparation of the area: a complete cleaning of the area will be carried out using costal or tractor mowing, respecting natural regeneration.
3. Combat ant: Held 10 days after cleaning the area, using lures.
4. Demarcation of planting holes: For alignment and / or demarcation of the pits will use stakes and strings, ensuring that the spacing of 3.0m x 2.0m is maintained.
6. Opening of crowns and preparation of the pits: After the demarcation of the pits, we will hold the opening of the crowns with hoes, where the pits with dimensions of 0.40 x 0.40 x 0.40 m using mattock will be opened in each pit It will be adding 200 g of superphosphate. After filling the pit with earth will be made coveta the center using the chucho.
7. seedlings Distribution: The distribution of saplings will be done with the aid of carriola or boxes to the pits for planting. The choice of species follow the guidelines contained in the RESOLUTION 32 SMA / SP 2014.
8. Planting and irrigation: Planting is done by hand with care not to let air around the root of the changes and the lap of this stay close to the ground, after this operation is done fogging, to help water retention in the changes. Irrigation will be done with the aid of a motor pump.
9. Fertilization: topdressing application, and 100g of NPK 18-0-27.
- The planted forest maintenance plan, highlighting the technique employed, activities and schedule for each site
Special attention should be given to the maintenance of the areas to be restored, as they determine the project's success. improperly performed operations may not allow or delay the establishment of ecological processes, thus increasing project costs.
Table 02 presents the general recommendations for maintaining the seedlings in the areas. The maintenance schedule for each site to be reforested highlighting the technique used is shown in Annex 06 in executive projects of each property, because they have differences and peculiarities.
Table 02 - Recommendations for maintenance of the recovered areas.
1 .. Combat ant: Application of bait for prevention and infested sites.
2. semi-mechanized Mowing: Used costal mowing to pass on grass infestation areas.
3. Crowning of seedlings: Transfer of crowning in grass infestation areas.
4. Maintenance of about: Workers walked along the fences ensuring the physical state of this, if it is damaged will be repaired.
5. Replanting: By monitoring calculate the amount of seedlings that will be replanted in failures
6. Fertilization: topdressing application, and 100g of NPK 18-0-27.
- Pest control method and weeds
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In the environmental assessment of the areas, the high infestation of invasive grasses (colonião Pennisetum purpureum, napie Panicum maximu and braquiaria Bachiaria sp), and the presence of leaf-cutting ants (ants - Atta spp and who-who - Acromyrmex subterraneus) can compromise the formation of forest, is seen by the high potential competitor of these species.
To control weed competition and the cutting ants Pro-Earth Institute will adopt the following activities:
Pest and Weed Control
Quantity activity per year
1. Combat ant: Application of bait for prevention and infested sites. 3
2. semi-mechanized Mowing: Used costal mowing to pass on grass infestation areas. 4
3. Chemical Weeding: Used glyphosate at a concentration of 5% in the planting spacing. 4
4. Crowning of seedlings: Transfer of crowning in grass infestation areas. 4
5. Maintenance of about: Workers walked along the fences ensuring the physical state of this, if it is damaged will be repaired. two
6. Replanting: By monitoring calculate the amount of seedlings that will be replanted in the gaps 4
In Figure 01, one can see the areas to be reforested located in priority areas for conservation and environmental recovery in the State of São Paulo, according to the Project Biota / FAPESP.
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This project is of great significance to the communities covered by the project, as well as hire five unemployed rural workers As Labour Laws (CLT) in force in Brazil in compliance with all the regulations concerning which generates a social benefit for about 30 people (family members contractors).
It is noteworthy that all beneficiaries workers will be trained / qualified by the Forest Planters project to offer this service in ecological restoration project itself and after completion of the project, to be seen by the growing demand for ecological restoration arising from the Rural Environmental Registry. Thus, the purpose of this project is the development potential of social inclusion for the provision of environmental services, consolidating and strengthening those people in rural activities, thus contributing to sustainability and social equilibrium of Brazil.
An important benefit of this ecological restoration project will be one of monitoring indicators that the Pro-Earth Institute is proposing is to quantify the carbon stored by a heterogeneous reforestation, composed of native forest
Área de abrangência do Projeto na UGRHI Tietê-Jacaré
Área de abrangência do Projeto na UGRHI Piracicaba, Capivari e Jundiaí
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species. Among the challenges that the ecological restoration projects have regarding the improvement of the water, soil, biodiversity, gene flow of fauna and flora species, we also have the issue of climate change. With the restoration of tree species have atmospheric carbon sequestration in their physiological processes contributing to mitigate the problems caused by climate change. The Pro-Earth Institute has conducted a carbon monitoring stored in implanted reforestation eight years in Fazenda Santo Antonio dos Ipês that is located under the UTM coordinates 22K 753,687 L 7531369 S in River Basin Jau, in the city of Jau, region State of Sao Paulo West center which measured 2.5 tonnes per hectare / year. The methodology will serve as a basis for checking the carbon stored in areas of this project. For this work the structural characteristics of the reclaimed areas will be evaluated by conducting sample biostatistics planted trees or established by natural regeneration processes. Will be measured heights and diameters at breast height - DBH from 5 cm, recorded and added will planinha of Microsoft Excel Software data which will assist in the analysis of data to the basal area calculations, average height, tree density planted and carbon total set by the arboreal community. To estimate the carbon fixed by the trees (shoots and roots) will be used to allometric equations developed by Miranda (2008):
C = -3.02985 + 353.976 * G * h + 0.008569095 * h * Id²;
Where: C = total mass tree carbon, expressed in kg; G = transverse area = sum of cross-sectional areas of the stems of the same tree measures 1.30 m above the ground, expressed in square meters; h = total height of the tree expressed in meters, and; Id = age of reforestation, expressed in years.
BUDGET described in Dollars USD
Total a realizar
Total items to perform - 5.000,00
Training - Planters Course Forest - 200,00
Project boards - 500,00
Tshirt Project - 12.000,00
technical manpower - 12.000,00
field labor Dissemination Seminar of the results - 300,00
Members of the Rotary Club Jahu Terra Roxa actively participate in the aforementioned talks, following the development of the project and disseminating public image of Rotary in the city of Jaú / SP and region.