This Global Grant is identical to GG 1524109 in the same area of Ethiopia except that this new Global Grant will develop three new springs, one each for three villages.
The objective is to work with the Dawro Development Association (DDA) to provide clean drinking water to a total of 1,637 people and 5,500 livestock in three villages in the Dawro Zone (the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Region) of southwest Ethiopia by developing relatively maintenance-free infrastructure. We will work with the 100,000-member DDA to continue their efforts to provide clean drinking water to their members in the Dawro Zone. The objectives include cleaning and capping three springs with a rock and concrete structure, piping water to holding reservoirs, and from the reservoirs to distribution points with spigots. Another objective is to maintain relations with the DDA to ensure long-term maintenance.
At least 1,637 people will benefit in two ways. First, they will benefit from having clean water available at a 4-faucet distribution point at each of three springs, and Shota and Tulama will also have a 1-faucet distribution point. The women and young girls who collect water will have a constant nearby source of clean water and will have to spend much less time gathering the water. The freed-up time will allow the women to be more active economically and socially thus raising their self-esteem and their stature in the community, and the girls may be able to attend school. Second, there will be a livestock trough a Shota and Tulama. This will benefit the men and young boys of the village and may prevent them from having to travel to a livestock water source during the dry season.
This is a humanitarian project. Takes place in Ethiopia, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region, Dawro Zone, and the villages of Shota, Tulama, and Nakire.
Project construction can start October 2017 and be complete within one or two years depending on the timing of the rainy seasons.
Meets community needs for clean drinking water and water for livestock in Shota and Tulama. Contributes to the overall health and well-being of the communities including WASH training. Women and young girls will spend less time gathering water and will be able to be more productive economically, socially, and through educational opportunities for girls. These needs were identified during the process of completing three other identical spring rejuvenation projects (Rotary Global Grant 1524109) in the same area by the Dawro Development Association which is a member of the South Ethiopia Peoples' Development Association (SEPDA).
The community needs will be met by rejuvenating three currently polluted springs and making the clean water available to people and livestock. The Shota, Tulama, and Nakire springs will need to be excavated and cleaned, capped, piped to a reservoir, and piped from the reservoir to distribution points. The Shota and Tulama spring water distribution points will also have a water trough for livestock. Making clean drinking water available close to the area of homes will free-up time for women, girls, men, and boys to be more productive in other activities. The Dawro Development Association has developed a WASH program and will implement this in each of the three villages.
The project was planned with the help of the Dawro Development Association which is composed of 100,000 members of the community. Membership in the Dawro Development Association is voluntary and is composed of farmers as well as those employed in other professions. The Dawro Development Association has already completed projects in education, health services, agriculture, and has developed 53 springs in the area. The proposed projects will be
developed in cooperation with and with oversight by the Dawro Development Association. These projects align with ongoing work of the Dawro Development Association for the benefit of people in the area. The development of these three springs will be identical to the spring development completed through Rotary Global Grant 1524109.
The DDA will contract the technical work to two or more of several companies who will bid on the projects. The DDA will oversee the work along with staff from the Government Water Department. People living in the vicinity of the three springs will provide labor for construction such as digging the trenches for the pipelines and by providing some materials. The Dawro Development Association will provide WASH training. The DDA has developed a WASH document and will implement their WASH training as part of the project.
Providing equitable community access to safe water, improved sanitation and hygiene; Supporting programs that enhance communities' awareness of the benefits of safe water, sanitation and hygiene.
Provide 1,637 people in the Dawro Zone with clean drinking water. Provide water for a total of 5,500 livestock at the Shota and Tulama distribution points. Free-up time women, girls, men, and boys spend gathering water so they can be more productive in other enterprises. Clean three currently polluted springs, cap the springs with a concrete structure, pipe the water from three sprints to holding reservoirs, and from the three reservoirs pipe water to distribution stations for each spring. In addition, the Shota and Tulama spring distribution points will each have a water trough for livestock. The Dawro Development Association will provide WASH training.
Dwight Sullivan, retired Registered Professional Engineer (Civil), will be providing oversight and support during and after construction.Dr. Sullivan is a retired Registered Professional Engineer with experience with water projects in Ethiopia. He will provide professional oversight during the construction process. He has previously worked in this region of Ethiopia with the Dawro Development Association on water projects and is well acquainted with the personnel involved, the water resources, the materials used to construct water projects in Ethiopia, and with the operation and maintenance.
Host Rotarians will manage funds in Ethiopia, work with the Dawro Development Association (DDA) to ensure appropriate contractors (in or near the Dawro Zone) are awarded contracts, award funds to the DDA, and provide monitoring of the projects. Mr. Sisay Jembere of the Rotary Club of Addis Ababa - Finot supports the project. A more definitive statement will be added to this document. The DDA and Dr. Dwight Sullivan will provide the technical support.
Robert Waltermire, former U.S. Peace Corps Volunteer, Ethiopia, is the Primary Contact for the Rotary Club of Fort Collins Breakfast (RCFCB), is involved with current Rotary Global Grant 1524109 which has resulted in the development of three springs in the Dawro Zone working through the DDA. Mr. Waltermire will coordinate with the international club in the USA and assist the international and host clubs with the execution of the project. Dr. Dwight Sullivan may be available to oversee and/or assess the project construction. Dr. Sullivan reported to Mr. Waltermire that the construction of the three springs for GG1524109 was excellent.
Sustainability is a focus of the Dawro Development Association (DDA). The DDA will provide maintenance for the springs for one year. During the first year 5% of the construction costs are held for maintenance. During the first year the projects are accepted temporarily by government officials (water office heads/experts) and by the DDA. During the first year the DDA and government check on the functioning of the projects and if the projects are working properly they are formally accepted by the government at the end of the first year. If there is a maintenance requirement during the first year the
5% withheld funds are used to make repairs. The DDA trains five members to keep the water projects clean and maintained. After the first year any maintenance or repair problems above the capacity of the DDA committee members will be handled by the district/zonal government water offices.
This is simply a gravity fed spring improvement project with little mechanical involvement and no moving parts other than manual valves. Other than spigots, which can wear out, these projects will require very little maintenance. The projects will be turned over to the Dawro Development Association, which has been in operation for over 20 years and has constructed dozens of such projects in the past and continues to monitor and maintain them. There will be some local participation by residents and users of the springs in their initial construction, primarily in digging trenches and providing materials, which signals their interest and commitment to maintenance.
Once a spring is dug out to get to the source of clean water, it is then capped and protected and no further protection is needed to keep the water sanitary. The DDA started doing spring improvement projects over 20 years ago and they are still working fine today. There is no reason why they should not have a very long life.
Because the areas are hilly the pressure reducing valve was added as a "just in case" element. The pressure reducing valves are cheap ($67) and generally do not need maintenance. If the pressure valve were to fail the effect would be some impressive water velocity at the spigot point but the small diameter pipe would not blow up.
Mr. Tizazu Bayu Lamore, President of the Dawro Development Association, and staff will be constantly in communication with local community leaders and will oversee construction and maintenance requirements. The DDA will train five local DDA committee members to ensure the projects are kept clean and maintained. The DDA is a community association with 100,000 members and it is committed to enhancing the health and well-being of its members. Maintenance will not be a difficult task with regard to these water projects since there are no moving parts other than the pressure valves and spigots where people will be collecting water. There is no means of determining how long into the future the springs will produce water, but the Dawro Zone is between Arba Minch (33' annual rainfall) and Jima (54' annual rainfall). The level of rainfall would appear to be sufficient to keep the springs active well into the future. The Rotary Club of Addis Ababa Finot will also provide oversight, monitoring, and support. Dr. Dwight Sullivan, retired Registered Professional Engineer (Civil) will be in Ethiopia periodically, will be working on other water projects in the Dawro Zone, and will provide oversight and support.
These budget items are estimated based on seven previous completed and successful projects of the same design. Materials will be purchased as close to the sites as possible. Some may have to be purchased in the capital city, Addis Ababa. The competitive bidding process will be conducted by the DDA as in past successful projects. There are two local companies who have reliably completed previous identical projects. These budget items align with the local culture and technology standards since similar projects have been successfully completed and fully utilized by the beneficiary
people. The DDA and community will provide $3,000 US in materials and labor.
The Dawro Development Association does not have the resources to fund the total construction of these project but it is capable of maintenance. Replacement parts are available in-country and all parts will be purchased in-country. These are gravity-fed systems with no moving parts other than the pressure valves and outlet faucets. The DDA is capable of maintaining these systems and maintains several other similar systems. The DDA is able to provide maintenance and has a strong incentive to provide maintenance because the DDA is supported by the 100,000 members that comprise the communities affected by the water developments. The DDA has additional incentive because it is a member of the South Ethiopia Peoples' Development Association (SEPDA) and a registered signatory of Code of Conduct for NGOs in Ethiopia. After one year the government will provide maintenance.
The Dawro Development Association will own the constructed facilities until control is transferred to the regional government.
The Dawro Development Association is the only local funding source and it is supported by its 100,000 members in the Dawro Zone. There are two 501(c)3 foundations based in the United States who are willing to commit to continued support in the Dawro Zone (maintenance and future projects): The Central Highlands Foundation and The Murulle Foundation.