DONOR-BUS FOR PERU
ROTARY CLUB DE LIMA
• To raise awareness and train the population of the Province of Lima (workers, university students, students and citizens) regarding the importance of assuming a culture of voluntary blood donation.
• Increase voluntary donation in Peru through mobile campaigns in public and private entities.
• Bring voluntary donation centers closer to the citizen through the First Donor Bus to carry out blood donation campaigns nationwide.
• Transform the donor experience and banish the "myths and barriers" that exist today for blood donation in the country.
The beneficiaries are those who need, immediately, units of blood so that they can be subjected to timely surgery, as well as for the treatment of haemorrhagic or haemophilia diseases, presence of pictures of anemia, leukemia, aneurysms, organ transplantation, oncological and oncomatological pathologies, stem cell procedures, mothers with complications during the birthing process or victims of traffic accidents.
Currently, the characteristics of our beneficiaries are those people, men and women, newborns, children, young people, adults and elders of Lima and Callao.
In the medium term and long term, we aim to expand our coverage to other cities to improve voluntary blood collection indicators nationwide.
In addition, it will also benefit the population who will be trained and sensitized to what the myths and prejudices in Peru are regarding voluntary donation, what are the benefits of donating blood, because it is important for the country to have supply blood supplied in the blood banks.
Community needs that will address the project.
In Peru, blood shortages are one of the leading causes of death in our country. According to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), approximately 48,000 people die each year due to the low availability of blood units that hospitals in the country have.
According to recommendations from the World Health Organization (WHO), our country needs to collect 600,000 units of blood per year so that hospitals can treat all emergencies and medical care in the population in a timely and effective manner. However, according to official figures from the Ministry of Health, only 185,000 units of blood have been collected per year, resulting in a significant deficit of 70% equivalent to 415 thousand units, much lower than that recommended by WHO so that our health facilities can be self-sufficient.
There is also a high reliance on blood donations by replenishment than voluntarily. For this reason, of the 185,000 units collected nationally, 95% were replenished while 5% of the remaining donations were made through voluntary donations.
In addition, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) recommends that in order to ensure that the blood collected is of quality, it must proceed voluntarily, since the factors that led the person to make the decision to donate were based on the solidarity and assistance to others, while the decision to donate by replacement is made under the factors of need and urgency, so there is a greater impact that the potential donor can lie or hide information about any disease that may have and that it can be infected to a healthy patient during the transfusion.
The low incidence of voluntary blood donations is mainly due to the use of the majority of the Peruvian population not having a "Culture of Donation", as it is not aware or informed about the importance of donating blood and its symbol as an act solidarity and altruisticness to save many lives. Moreover, the presence of the "Myths and Barriers of Donation" further limit a person's intention to donate, generating fear or disinterest.
In short, the combination of a high shortfall of blood units, a low percentage of voluntary donations and the lack of a "Donation Culture" by the population have created a critical problem that not only puts the life risk of people who currently need blood but also the Peruvian population in general in the face of future medical and/or emerge
Alberto Silva Santisteban Larco