After receiving a letter of request from the District Education Officer Kanungu District, The President Rotary Club of Kabale appointed a five man project committee. The project committee commenced with a community needs assessment on March 17-18, 2022. An initial meeting was held with the District Education Officer, District Water Engineer and District Engineer of Kanungu District. All schools were visited to ascertain the situation and interact with parents, staff, students and community leaders and members. These important meetings provided the community to those in attendance with a chance to ask their questions and gain a full understanding of the project expectations and scope.
Karuhinda community comprising of five villages of Rushebeya, Karuhinda, Kishojwa, Bushanja and Bukoora was also visited and a Focus group Discussion held. In attendance were local government leaders, opinion leaders and other community members. A lot of information was shared about the need for water, community expectations, local resources and other challenges.
The needs assessment showed that:-
• The five villages of Rushebeya, Karuhinda, Kishojwa, Bushanja and Bukoora with a population of over 2000 people are served by only three functional water springs
• The principal source of safe water in 80% of the schools was through National metered water which was highly erratic and expensive.
• Three out of five schools had one tap stand serving a population of more than 300 pupils while another two of the five schools did not have a water source at or close to the school premises.
• San Giovanni school used rain water harvested from roof tops in addition to water from National water grid. However, most of these school facilities were either broken down or needed some form of repair.
• All the schools lacked a fence. Hence, 2 schools reported some form of conflict with local communities over water use. Local communities allegedly draw water from these institutions forcefully, leading to frequent water shortages; and damage to the water facilities.
• Latrines were present in all the schools; but only 60% of the latrines had working doors, were almost filled or needed some repair.
• The majority of the pupils said that they used the latrines three schools met the recommended pupil to latrine cubicle ratio of 40:1. In the remaining schools, ratios were between 59:1 and 71:1.
• In 2 out of the 5 schools, teachers and students shared toilets.
• Only 2 schools had rooms for use during menstruation but even these lacked sufficient privacy.
• Only 3 (60) schools had improvised hand washing facilities next to the latrines. But even these lacked water at the time of the visit.
• 75% of the school had urinals. Of these, 40% were smelly with flies and were poorly drained.
• Solid waste disposal other than feaces was said not to be a major problem. Open burning was the main means of solid water management.
• Sanitation and hygiene knowledge among the pupils was relatively low. 40% reported knowledge of diarrhea-related diseases and only a few knew that cholera was due to poor sanitation.
• Regarding sources of information on sanitation, 80% of students mentioned teachers as the main source, although 60% of the teachers reported that they had not received any training on sanitation.
• Educational materials present in the schools were posters and books. Where posters were available, they were not pinned in strategic places.
6. Project Objectives
• Improve personal, schools and community hygiene.
• Improve access to a plentiful and quality water supply and sanitation facilities.
• Enhance schools and community capacity to manage, operate and maintain water supply and sanitation facilities and other built infrastructure, in a sustainable way.
• Strengthen organizational capacity to implement water, sanitation and hygiene projects in an integrated manner.
• Increased capacity of female students with Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) techniques.
• Reduce school dropout rates particularly for girls who otherwise may leave school at puberty
• Increase community adoption of good WASH behaviors as children become change agents within their families and communities.
• Prevent the spread of disease and other illnesses related to inadequate access to safe water, sanitation, and hygiene
Through this project, Rotary Club of Kabale seeks to provide improved water access and latrines to five schools serving approximately 1,800 students and over 2000 community members.
7. Project Beneficiaries
5 Schools: - (4 primary and 1 secondary)
2,088 school going children in the schools
Over 2,000 community members in the five villages of Rushebeya, Karuhinda, Kishojwa, Bushanja and Bukoora
112 teachers and staff
School Management Committees, PTAs, School children Clubs
Kanungu District Local Government, particularly education and health departments.
Item Description Qty Unit Price (UGX) Total (UGX) Total (USD)
1 Supply 10,000 Litre tanks 10 7,500,000 75,000,000 21,216.41
2 Plumbing works- 10 1,200,000 12,000,000 3,394.63
3 Training for sustainability 5 2,000,000 10,000,000 2,828.85
4 Printing IEC materials 1 4,000,000 4,000,000 1,131.54
5 Construction of Toilets 2 21,000,000 42,000,000 11,881.19
6 Construction of water springs10 7,500,000 75,000,000 21,216.41
7 Project management costs 1 5,850,000 5,850,000 1,654.88
9 Sanitation & hygiene train 1 4,800,000 4,800,000 1,357.85
10 Project signage 5 350,000 1,750,000 495.05
11 Purchase of refuse bins 10 100,000 1,000,000 282.89
12 Training in MHM 1 4,000,000 4,000,000 1,131.54
13 Project M&E 1 4,650,000 4,650,000 1,315.42
14 Audit fees 1 1,500,000 1,500,000 424.33
15 Contingency 1 3,500,000 3,500,000 990.10
16 Branding of equipment 1 1,500,000 1,500,000 424.33
Total project costs 246,550,000 69,745.40