Water & Sanitation 1





History Logs

Project Description

Region: Africa

Country: Uganda

Location: Wakiso

Total Budget: $55,219

Area of Focus: Water and sanitation

Objective of project

Our objective is to provide a holistic and transformational community service to enhance good health, self-reliance and peace among the targeted poor, marginalized women, children and men.

This Initiative aims to provide practical access to safe water and sanitation facilities and promote best practices among mothers, school pupils, children and households.

This project is a component of an adopt a village concept that we have developed in this area. Other areas of focus covered are Maternal & Child Health, Basic Education & Literacy and Economic & Community Development.


1. An estimated population of 7,728 - 1,952 households in 8 villages. Of the estimated population, 52% are women, 16% children less than 4 years of age and only 8% of the population is above age group 45 years.

2. The 15 schools in the villages

Community needs

The common source of safe water in Lukwanga is spring wells, and other sources include bore holes. Accessing safe water in Lukwanga parish is a major concern for households, schools and institutions. Although, (80%) of households can access water in Lukwanga parish, (50%) experience inequitable community access to safe water, with long distances to most water sources; long queues at the water sources. Households struggle to access water from the few water sources where villages like Ntinda, with a population of 1500 are contained to only four (4) water sources and Muyenje village serving 180 households limited to three (3 ) water sources.

Students are not spared, with only 6 out of 15 schools with easy access to safe water. Schools tending to nursery children (3-6 years of age) in Ntinda parish at City of Faith Child Care and Kamya Memorial in Nabukalu, and primary schools like Nabukalu primary school with 258 students, and Gimbo primary school with 204 students are forced to walk at least 1 km to access water.

Access to drinking water means that the source is less than 1 kilometer away from its place of use and that it is possible to reliably obtain at least 20 litres per member of a household per day. The distance taken to access safe water in Lukwanga on average is one km - a 30 minutes' walk. However, some households trek longer distances for instance in Luggi and Gimbo Village; one has to move 2 kms on average taking one hour to access safe water. In most cases it requires climbing hills making it impossible to obtain the recommended 20 litres per member. On average 40 litres of water per day is obtained for a household of six.

Safe drinking water is water with microbial, chemical and physical characteristics that meet national standards on drinking water quality. (90%) of the households in Lukwanga parish rely on the spring wells for water. As the population expands, villages like Ntinda, Muyenje, part of Gimbo and Kkona find their only source of safe water becoming contaminated. Most of the spring water is highly contaminated due to overcrowding of dwelling units near spring water sources thereby degenerating the watershed. Voluntary Action for Development (VAD) has taken the initiative in protecting the springs from contamination, albeit it's many challenges.

Lack of access to improved sanitation and hygiene is wide spread in Lukwanga Parish. In Muyenje village alone, 80 out of 100 households do not have basic sanitation. Basic sanitation is the lowest-cost technology ensuring hygienic excreta and sewage disposal and a clean and healthful living environment both at home and in the neighborhood of users.

Even where pit latrines are present their condition is shocking as in Muyenje village, where in some cases the latrines are incomplete without slabs or coverings. Evidently, lack of affordability of materials to construct the pit latrines has exposed 400 children vulnerable to contracting diseases in Muyenje village alone.

Limited support programs that enhance communities' awareness of the benefits of, sanitation and hygiene is evident in Lukwanga parish. Typhoid and TB diseases are attributable to lack of access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. Villages such as Ntinda and Gimbo the most densely populated villages reported incidences of Typhoid and TB. To exacerbate the problem, only (10%) of the households in Lukwanga Parish are able to pay for a doctor, while only (19%) can afford basic medication.


1. New water tanks to harvest rain water will provide extra clean water to the community. A greater number of women and girls will not have to walk long distances and be free from predatory attack. Additional water will also allow use in growing food and supporting tradesman activities to help grow the prosperity of the villagers.

2. Construction of pit latrines at schools and households

3. Community sensitization on proper hygiene practices will greatly improve the sanitation needs of the community.


No. Description


Supplier Category Local Cost (Shs) Cost in USD

1. a. Water Tanks & Stands (Schools) - 10,000 liters

b. Construction of Slab


5 Hardware World Equipment

Civil Works 25,707,500=




2. a. Water Tanks and Stand (household) - 5000 liters

b. Construction of slab


2 Hardware World Equipment

Civil Works 5,563,000=




3. Water Filters


Water God's Way Ltd Equipment 3,437,500=


Total 44,529,000= 17,811


Local Currency: Ushs. Exchange Rate to USD 2,500

No. Description


Supplier Category Local Cost (Shs) Cost in USD

5. Pit Latrines (schools)

15 Davis & Shirtliff Civil works 63,120,000= 25,248

6. Public Toilet

1 Civil works 18,000,000=


7. Posters

80 Supplies 1,200,000=


8. Brochures

1600 Supplies 8,000,000=


9. Flip Charts

16 Supplies 2,400,000=


10. Others:

- Launch Mobilization

- Orientation/CA

- Demonstration of Pit Latrine use







Sub Total 93,520,000= 37,408

Primary Host Partner

District: 9211

Rotary Club of: Kampala-Central

Primary Contact: Lydia Bujara

Email: lbujara@gmail.com

Primary International Partner

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Project Status

Need $36,813
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Project listed for the 2017-18 Rotary Year.

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Project Supporting Documents

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